Two Polish Kings Władysław IV Vasa and John II Casimir Vasa were married to a French Princess Ludwika Maria Gonzaga. After his abdication in 1668 John II Casimir returned to France, where he joined the Jesuits and became abbot of Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris. His heart was buried there. In the late 17th century, Polish king John III Sobieski was married to a French princess, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, and tried to forge a Polish–French alliance.
Charles-Paris d'Orléans, François Louis, Prince of Conti, Henri Jules, Prince of Condé, Henri Jules, Prince of Condé, Louis, Prince of Condé (1621–1686) were candidates for the Polish elective throne."
The photo above is the tomb effigy of the heart of King John II Casimir Vasa at Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés -in Paris link
As part of an international tour, the historical Black Madonna icon (left) will be brought on pilgrimage to Wisconsin June 16 and 17th as part of a greater to effort to promote the sanctity of human life.
South east visit PDF flyer/informational link.
"Ernst Scheyer, an art historian who studied the image, believed that "the present image was restored in the 19th century and painted somewhat darker than previously." (U Dayton). This icon has a unique history as briefly explained here.
The repeated gold insignias shown on Mary's mantle are French Fleur de Lis and, although I haven't researched this embellishment, they probably symbolize the historical family or political alliance between the two empires.
A quick wiki search explains that "Polish–French relations were limited until the 18th century, due to geographical distance and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth's lack of involvement in the wars of Western Europe. A notable exception occurred in 1573, when Henry III of France was elected as the king of Poland, but he retired from that position the next year. French Order of the Holy Spirit was dedicated to the Holy Spirit for commemorating the fact that Henry III was elected King of Poland (1573) and France (1574) on two Pentecosts.
Our Lady of Częstochowa located at the Basilica of St Josaphat in Milwaukee.On Icons in Catholic Churches link
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