From their site :
Created in Ceylon, an island off the southeastern coast of India (now Sri Lanka), this piece represents a stoic Virgin that combines typical European attributes of the Immaculate Conception—crown and crescent moon—with the streamlined elegance and facial features of Indian sculpture. Unknown artist, “Virgin of the Immaculate Conception,” ca. 1690–1710; Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka); Ivory with gilt and polychromy, 10 1/8 in. high; Walters Art Museum; inv. 71.341. Photo courtesy of National Museum of Women in the Arts.
Note once again the date of this statue. The actual Dogma of the Immaculate Conception came later.
St Francis Xavier is also associated with Sri Lanka. Local traditions claim that Saint Thomas the Apostle was active there. Xavier brought Catholicism to the Kingdom of Jaffna, which comprised the northern peninsula of Sri Lanka. As a member of the Jesuit order, these connections must be very dear to Pope Francis.
This Spanish influence can be demonstrated in the beautiful array of ornate religious objects from the region. Photos and descriptions from four (above) are featured on Wikipedia.