This happy arrangement works well.
Fine calfskin is used for manuscripts and illumination.
Calfskin is particularly valuable because of its softness, and fine grain, as well as durability. It is commonly used for high-quality clothing, shoes, wallets, and similar products, as well as traditional leather book bindings.
Vellum versus Parchment
"There appears to be conflicting reports as to the definitions of these terms. Some authorities state that parchment made only from calfskin is known as vellum, while all other animals form parchment (Wheelock, 1928, p. 5). Other authorities state that vellum specifically refers to uterine parchment (Rudin, 1990, p. 10). Other authorities state that vellum refers to high quality parchment only. Reed (1975, p. 79) sums up this dilemma best when he states both terms seem equally valid. To avoid confusion, this paper only uses the term parchment, except when directly quoting another source."
THE IHS on Bristol, 24KT shell gold and leaf
Description: "A monogram of the name of Jesus Christ. From the third century the names of our Saviour are sometimes shortened, particularly in Christian inscriptions (IH and XP, for Jesus and Christus). In the next century the "sigla" (chi-rho) occurs not only as an abbreviation but also as a symbol. From the beginning, however, in Christian inscriptions the nomina sacra, or names of Jesus Christ, were shortened by contraction, thus IC and XC or IHS and XPS for Iesous Christos. These Greek monograms continued to be used in Latin during the Middle Ages. Eventually the right meaning was lost, and erroneous interpretation of IHS led to the faulty orthography "Jhesus". In Latin the learned abbreviation IHC rarely occurs after the Carlovingian era. The monogram became more popular after the twelfth century when St. Bernard insisted much on devotion to the Holy Name of Jesus, and the fourteenth, when the founder of the Jesuati, Blessed John Colombini (d. 1367), usually wore it on his breast. Towards the close of the Middle Ages IHS became a symbol, quite like the chi-rho in the Constantinian period. Sometimes above the H appears a cross and underneath three nails, while the whole figure is surrounded by rays. IHS became the accepted iconographical characteristic of St. Vincent Ferrer (d. 1419) and of St. Bernardine of Siena (d. 1444). The latter holy missionary, at the end of his sermons, was wont to exhibit this monogram devoutly to his audience, for which some blamed him; he was even called before Martin V. St. Ignatius of Loyola adopted the monogram in his seal as general of the Society of Jesus (1541), and thus it became the emblem of his institute. IHS was sometimes wrongly understood as "Jesus Hominum (or Hierosolymae) Salvator", i.e. Jesus, the Saviour of men (or of Jerusalem=Hierosolyma)."
Pictured is a full sized, unblemished parchment. It is not very large.
Symbolically, when we regard this "hide", we should also associate it with the Sacrifice of the Lamb.
Jesus Christ, who entered into the world unblemished and innocent, gave his life for our salvation- for each one of us.
An Honorable End
Sometimes modern people, us "city slickers", cringe when I show the organic details contained within calfskin parchment. Look closely at any leather product.
The end product is very luxurious.
Recall the story where Joseph and Mary, on Presentation Day, presented two doves in the temple as a sacrificial offering?
Symbolically, then at least in my case, this parchment hide is the best that I can afford and will be used, on occasion, for the highest quality religious artwork.
An honorable end.
Notes, Art, Photography CMJENTZ ©2013-2018
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Christine M. (CM) Jentz.
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“It is with the smallest brushes that the artist paints the most exquisitely beautiful pictures.” (St. André Bessette)