to the Sinai in the sixth century to build the walled monastery here,
and protect the monks with their lives. Story here.
I have heard that St. Katherine allowed a mosque to be built on the grounds a long time ago
because that made it a sacred place for Muslims and prevents its destruction in times of conflict.
The Pantocrator on the left is considered the oldest of its kind and was painted using an
encaustic wax technique. There are many priceless icons at St. Katherines.
Monastery St. Katherine: details here